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  • 2021成人高考高起专英语考点试题:阅读理解
  • 时间:2021年06月09日  湘潭大学成人高考网
  •  [阅读理解]根据下面资料,回答1-4题Catsarecreaturesofhabit.Theyliketogotosleepaboutthesametimeeverydayandforacertainlengthoftime.Theyseemtohaveanaturalclockinsidethemthattellsthemwhentosleep.Catsincreasetheirregularsleepwithoccasionalcatnaps(打盹).Someexpertsfeelthathumanscouldalsobenefitfromthishabit.Catnapshelptobuildupenergyinthebody.Theyarealsoagoodwaytogetridoftrouble!Sincecatshavethesamemoods(情绪)ashumans,someexpertsbelievethatpeoplecanimprovetheirmoods.Peoplemightbecomehappier.Anumberoffamouspeoplehavecopiedcatsbytakingcatnapsduringtheday.Thenapswouldusuallylastfrom15to30minutes.WinstonChurchilltookcatnaps.SodidPresidentsHarryTruman,JohnF.KennedyandLyndonB.Johnson.Thesefamousmenwereknownfortheirenergy.Theywerealsoabletoworklonghours,oftenintothenight.Nappingwastheirsecret.Perhapsmorepeoplelearnfromcatsandtakenapstofeelbetterandlivelonger!

      1[.单选题]Takingcatnaps查看材料

      A.will make a person lazy and tired

      B.is a bad habit

      C.will make people feel better

      D.can help people become famous

      [答案]C

      2[.单选题]WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrue.9查看材料

      A.People should take their naps secretly.

      B.Cats have the same moods as people.

      C.Some famous people take cat naps.

      D.Some people have full energy after they take cat naps.

      [答案]A

      3[.单选题]Napsusuallylast查看材料

      A.three hours

      B.less than half an hour

      C.forty-five minutes

      D.fifty-five minutes

      [答案]B

      4[.单选题]Thisselectionwasprobablywrittento查看材料

      A.show how lazy cats are

      B.talk about the habits of cats

      C.tell about famous people and their habits

      D.persuade people to take naps

      [答案]D

      [.阅读理解]根据下面资料,回答5-8题Whendidyoulastseeapolarbear?Onatriptoazoo,perhaps?IfyouhadattendedawinteractivityinNewYorkafewyearsago,youwouldhaveseenawholepolarbearclub.These"PolarBears"arepeoplewhomeetfrequentlyinwintertoswiminfreezingcoldwater.Thatday,theairtemperaturewas3℃,andthewatertemperaturewasabithigher.ThemembersofthePolarBearClubatConeyIsland,NewYorkareusuallyabouttheageof60.Membersmustsatisfytworequire-ments.First,theymustgetalongwellwitheveryoneelseinthegroup.Thisisveryimportantbecausetherearesomanydifferentkindsofpeopleintheclub.PolarBearsmustalsoagreetoswimoutdoorsatleasttwiceamonthfromNovemberthroughFebruary.Doctorsdonotagreeaboutthemedicaleffectsofcold-waterswimming.Someareworriedaboutthedangersofaconditioninwhichthebody´stemperaturedropssolowthatfinallytheheartstops.Otherdoctors,however,pointoutthatthereismoredangerofaheartattackduringsummerswimmingbecausethedifferencebetweentheairtemperatureandwatertemperatureismuchgreaterinsummerthaninwinter.ThePolarBearsthemselvesaresatisfiedwiththebenefits(oradvantages)ofcold-waterswim-ming.Theysaythattheirfavoriteformofexerciseisverygoodforthecirculatorysystem(循环系统)becauseitforcesthebloodtomovefasttokeepthebodywarm.Cold-waterswimmersusuallyturnbrightredafterafewminutesinthewater.Apersonwhoturnsblueprobablyhasaverypoorcircula-torysystemandshouldnottrycold-waterswimming.Themainbenefits(oradvantages)ofcold-waterswimmingareprobablymental.ThePolarBearslovetoswimyear-round;theyfinditfunandrelaxing.Asone70-year-oldwomansays,"WhenIgointothewater,Ipourmytroublesintotheoceanandletthemfloataway."

      5[.单选题]Doctors.查看材料

      A.encourage people to take part in cold-water swimming actively

      B.point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming

      C.believe swimming is helpful both in winter and in summer

      D.have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming

      [答案]D

      6[.单选题]Accordingtothepassage,somedoctorsbelieveitistruethat.查看材料

      A.you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue

      B.cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter

      C.cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high

      D.Polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water

      [答案]B

      7[.单选题]ThePolarBearsliketoswimalltheyearround,for.查看材料

      A.they can remain young

      B.it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter

      C.they find it enjoyable and interesting

      D.they might meet fewer troubles in life

      [答案]C

      8[.单选题]Thepassageismainlyabout.查看材料

      A.a group of cold-water-swimming lovers

      B.the Polar Bears' life in New York

      C.doctors' ideas about cold-water swimming

      D.the requirements of the Polar Bear Club

      [答案]A